Dandruff is nothing but dead skin that sheds from the scalp. Dying of skin cells is a normal process and a small amount of shedding is normal, but when it becomes excessive, it leads to this condition that repeats itself every two to seven days. It results in low self-esteem and anti-social behavior in people.


Hyperactivity in sweat glands, allergy due to environmental factors such as change in weather, dust, cobwebs, excessive exposure to sunlight, allergies from fabrics, soaps, shampoos, cosmetics and foods are the most common causes for dandruff. Increased intake of dry, cold, oily and spicy foods is another reason. Stress and anxiety are believed to be related to dandruff. Other reasons may be cosmetic treatments like hair-conditioning, coloring and styling.


  • Shedding of white flakes from scalp
  • Dryness and itching in scalp
  • Redness in scalp
  • Softness of scalp skin

Ayurvedic View

According to Ayurveda, dandruff belongs to the category of Shudra Roga which occurs due to imbalance in all three doshas; vata, pitta and kapha. This causes production of impurities called ama which cause dryness and heating. Ayurveda works to eliminate Pitta and Vata through herbal medicines and a planned diet and lifestyle which cleanse the body of impurities.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

  • Wash hair regularly.
  • Use hair oil especially in dry and hot weather.
  • Avoid spicy, greasy and hot foods, junk food and cold drinks.
  • Include high fiber foods, salads, fruits and lentils in your diet.
  • Yoga and exercising helps in calming down stress and anxiety.
  • Avoid scratching the scalp with hands.

Home Remedies

  • Mix coconut oil with amla juice or powder and massage the scalp with it.
  • Condition your hair with lemon juice and egg white once a week.
  • Mix lemon juice, mustard oil and yogurt and apply the mixture to hair. Keep it for 30 minutes and wash.
  • A paste of soaked methi dana can be applied to the scalp.
  • Chew basil leaves, margosa leaves and bael leaves on an empty stomach.