With symptoms similar to diarrhea, the only difference between the two is presence of tenesmus in dysentery. Tenesmus is the force needed to evacuate the bowels.


Dysentery caused by Shigella bacillus bacteria is the most common form of the disease and is generally caused by poor hygiene in food. The other form is caused by parasite Entamoeba histolytica which enter the human body through contaminated foods, water, milk and by poor hygiene practices. These can spread easily from person to person.


  • Frequent motions with tenesmus
  • Blood & mucus in stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever

Ayurvedic View

Pravahika (as it is referred to in Ayurveda) is caused by impaired kapha and vata doshas. These make the stools sticky and thus more push is needed to evacuate the bowels. It may also cause burning sensation at anus and increased thirst.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

  • Consume light, easy to digest food including liquid rice, porridge, lentil soups and sweet fruits like melons, sweet lime and oranges.
  • Avoid spicy food.
  • Consume boiled water and increase water intake.

Home Remedies

  • Eating ripe bael fruit pulp with water twice daily is effective in dysentery.
  • Add rock salt, black pepper, and roasted cumin seed powder to buttermilk and consume with meals.
  • Take powdered dried ginger root, black pepper, cumin seeds and nutmeg, psyllium husk, rock salt and have this with buttermilk.